Publications

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The Europeanisation of spatial planning in the Netherlands

One of the priorities of the Dutch EU presidency is the European Better Regulation Agenda. A particular cause for concern within this agenda is the fragmentation of EU policy. In this context, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency investigated the effects of...

Smart Transportation

How does Smart Mobility affect the city? New innovations like driverless cars, electric vehicles, new forms of transport and increased information might be a game changer in urban planning.

Smart about Cities - Visualising the Challenge for 21st Century Urbanism

The discourse on ‘Smart Cities’ is everywhere. It promises an era of innovative urban planning, driven by smart urban technologies that will make cities safer, cleaner and, above all, more efficient. Efficiency seems uncontroversial but does it make for great cities? In this...

The Sustainable City

The Sustainable City study of the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) uses an analytical–deliberative approach to generate integrated options for strategic, long-term urban development policies in the Netherlands. Scenarios for the sustainable city were designed...