IMAGE is involved in numerous international projects engaging with policy makers and scientists around the world. Below a project list with short descriptions and the contact person in our team; in some cases there is also data available to download and explore.

Overview of projects

  • AgClim50-III impacts of extreme weather on food
  • COACCH climate impacts and damage functions
  • EMF 30 short-lived climate forcers and air quality
  • EMF 33 the role of bioenergy
  • ENGAGE feasibility of climate mitigation pathways
  • IASB sustainable lifestyles and behavior
  • NAVIGATE improving the current generation of IAMs
  • Non-state actors non-state and subnational climate actions
  • REINVENT beyond technology solutions for industry decarbonization
  • SIM4NEXUS water-energy-food-climate nexus
  • DGIS international and sustainable development
  • SHAPE achieve multiple sustainable development goals


The AgClim50-III project is a subsidiary from the Agricultural Model Intercomparison Project (AGMIP) that focuses on the food system effects of extreme weather. The IMAGE team is involved in cooperation with the MAGNET team from WEcR (Wageningen Economic Research) working with the Agro-economic MAGNET model. The goal is to investigate the effects of extreme yield impacts related to extreme weather on agricultural production, food prices, trade and food security.  


COACCH (CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs) aims to advance knowledge regarding climate change impacts and policy that can be used directly by stakeholder communities. The project gathers leading experts on climate change sciences from 14 European research institutions. The IMAGE is involved in the macro-economic assessment of damages and the creation of new, updated, damage functions.  

EMF 30

The Energy Modeling Forum (EMF)-30 Study is a research project with a focus on short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs) and air quality. It involves scenario analyses from 9 integrated assessment models (IAMs), and is aimed at understanding 1) the potential impact of short-lived climate forcer (SLCF: CH4, BC, HFCs) reductions on limiting climate change 2) the interaction between SLCF policy and conventional climate policy, and 3) modeling assumptions and resolution in relation to projections.  

EMF 33

The 33rd project of the Energy Modelling Forum (EMF-33) aimed to improve the understanding of the role of bioenergy in scenarios with very strict climate change mitigation targets. This includes an understanding of future biomass resources, and the importance of different forms of application – including technological pathways and their uncertainties. The project brings compares and contrasts the results of multiple integrated assessment, with IMAGE participating in all the aspects of the project.  


The ENGAGE project will perform new model analysis on pathways towards to achieving the climate targets of the Paris Agreement, focusing in particular on feasibility. The aim of the project is to co-produce knowledge for designing cost-effective, technologically sound, socially and politically feasible pathways that can meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement. ENGAGE will also quantify avoided climate change impacts at the regional and national levels and identify concrete policy portfolios that maximise co-benefits and minimise trade-offs.  

Integrated Assessment of Sustainable Behaviour

Integrated Assessment of Sustainable Behaviour is a project that focuses on how IMAGE can better represent sustainable lifestyles. This is done partly through cooperation with experts in different fields. In the project we look into the relevant concepts discussing lifestyle change, methods to analyze lifestyle change and develop scenarios that aim to show the impacts of specific lifestyle change scenarios based on regional and consumer heterogeneity.  


By tackling existing weaknesses and lack of capabilities of the current generation of Integrated Assessment Models, NAVIGATE will provide new insight into how long-term climate goals can translate into short-term policy action, and how countries and sectors can work in concert to implement the Paris Agreement. The NAVIGATE project will allow for improving the current generation of IAM models.  

Non-state actors

The non-state actors project, or ‘global aggregation of non-state and subnational climate actions’ project, aims to assess the impact of business and subnational climate mitigation commitments on greenhouse gas emissions on a global level and for ten large countries. It takes into account the overlap with national commitments. The IMAGE model provides greenhouse gas emission projections based on the impact of national policies, and an estimate of business-as-usual subnational and business emissions.  


The research project REINVENT analyses decarbonisation in four industrial sectors, where low-carbon transitions are still relatively unexplored, namely meat/dairy, paper, plastic and steel. The transition to a zero-carbon society requires more than new technical solutions. REINVENT studies the entire value-chains of the industries to gain a broader understanding of the possibilities of transition. The approach is to study and understand transitions and emerging initiatives from within sectoral contexts, where government climate policy is only one of many factors that shape perceptions and strategies.  


The Horizon 2020 project SIM4NEXUS (Sustainable Integrated Management FOR the NEXUS) investigates the water-energy-land-food-climate Nexus. The project aims to provide policy advice in order to secure efficient resource use in a sustainable way and works on different geographic scales from the regional to the global level. The IMAGE team is involved at the European and the Global level where we develop scenarios to analyze synergies and trade-offs between policies aiming to achieve single or multiple Sustainable Development Goals.  


Since 2009, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands has funded additional activities of PBL through multi-year covenants. This is done to strengthen the content of the PBL work program at the interface of international development and environmental issues and with a view of achieving the sustainable development goals. In PBL work, the international and development dimension of the sustainable use and management of natural resources is an inseparable part of the analysis where relevant. PBL contributes to national and international policy development at the interface of environment and development. For Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS)- PBL contributes in its field of work to vision development, strategic explorations and policy coherence for development and the SDG agenda in Dutch policy. Realizing international policy agendas requires fundamental changes in the root causes of unsustainable development and exploring new, sustainable development paths. The 2030 sustainable development Agenda emphasizes the need for transformation, which, in the Dutch policy context, is translated into transition tasks. Tasks and transition paths differ greatly from country to country, depending on, among other things, levels of development, use of natural resources and use of raw materials. In the light of the major global challenges, we distinguish the following five transformations, which must be addressed in conjunction in order to properly deal with trade-offs and to exploit potential synergies:

  1. Energy transition and combating climate change
  2. Sustainable land and food system and combating biodiversity loss
  3. Availability of raw materials and circular economy
  4. Sustainable management of water systems and protection against water and climate risks
  5. Sustainable urbanization in interaction with the countryside

The IMAGE 3.0 integrated assessment modelling framework, which includes the TIMER energy-system simulation model and the GISMO health model is the main instrument we use to investigate pathways for the energy transition in developing countries. 


The SHAPE project investigates interactions between options to mitigate climate change and the broader agenda of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals. It aims to analyse Sustainable Development Pathways that simultaneously achieve the Sustainable Development Goals in 2030, maintain sustainable development thereafter, and meet the climate targets set out in the Paris agreement.