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Costs and benefits of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer for global production of cereal grains in 2015 and in 2050 under contrasting scenarios

Increased use of synthetic N fertilizer has boosted global cereal grain production, but also led to a massive increase of reactive N loss and environment impacts. This paper quantifies the global…

Sanitation and wastewater treatment scenarios and effects on global water quality and SDG 6

Sanitation and wastewater treatment are key elements for global human health and aquatic biodiversity. Scenarios showed an improvement of sanitation but unimproved sanitation will not disappear before…

Appetite for Change

In the new report “Appetite for Change” scientists provide a recipe to halve nitrogen pollution from food production in Europe. This pollution is caused by poor use of nitrogen, particularly in…

Surface-Water Nitrate Exposure to World Populations Has Expanded and Intensified during 1970−2010

Excessive nitrate in surface waters deteriorates the water quality and threatens human health. Human activities have caused increased nitrate concentrations in global surface waters over the past 50…

Spatial and temporal patterns of nutrients and their environmental impacts from the agriculture sector in India

Since the launch of the Green Revolution (GR) in Indian agriculture in the 1960s, Indian food production has successfully become self-sufficient but this has also led to increasing soil nitrogen (N)…

Water quality footprint of agricultural emissions of nitrogen, phosphorus and glyphosate associated with German bioeconomy

Fertiliser and pesticide application can cause extensive environmental damage. We use the water quality footprint to express nitrogen, phosphorus and glyphosate emissions from agriculture in volumes…

Exploring wastewater nitrogen and phosphorus flows in urban and rural areas in China for the period 1970 to 2015

China has experienced rapid population growth and increasing human N and P discharge from point sources. This paper presents a new spatial and temporal model-based, province-scale inventory of N and P…

Inland Waters Increasingly Produce and Emit Nitrous Oxide

Nitrous oxide (N 2 O) is a long-lived greenhouse gas and currently contributes ∼10% to global greenhouse warming. Studies have suggested that inland waters are a large and growing global N 2 O source…

Effects of Nitrogen Emissions on Fish Species Richness across the World’s Freshwater Ecoregions

The increasing application of synthetic fertilizer has tripled nitrogen (N) inputs over the 20th century. N enrichment decreases water quality and threatens aquatic species such as fish through…

Hindcasting harmful algal bloom risk due to land-based nutrient pollution in the Eastern Chinese coastal seas

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) have been increasing in frequency, areal extent and duration due to the large increase in nutrient inputs from land-based sources to coastal seas, and cause significant…